Indonesian Typical Batik Motifs You Really Need to Know
Indonesia is a country famous for its batik. Batik itself has also been established by UNESCO as the original cultural heritage of Indonesia. And it turns out that batik originating from Indonesia there are many motives, you know.
Originally batik was created using white cloth made of cotton (cloth). As the changing times of the process of making batik cloth can also use cotton, silk, rayon, polyester, and other synthetic materials. Kinds of batik motif itself was created using liquid wax with a medium that is canting for fine motifs, as well as brushes for batik motifs that have large sizes. After that the liquid wax will seep well into the fabric fibers. The cloth that was finished was painted using canting and then dyed it for coloring.
The dyeing process is generally begun by using young colors which is then the process of dyeing older colors to obtain a darker fabric color motif. After a number of times of dyeing batik cloth, the batik cloth is dipped in a chemical solution to dissolve the wax.
Motive of Sekar Jagad Batik
This batik motif is one of the very unique motifs in Indonesia. This type of batik originated from the Java region, more precisely Yogyakarta. Batik Jogja has a fresh meaning of the universe that is beauty or beauty that makes people who look at it enchanted.
There are also those who interpret that the motives that are shaped like these islands mean that according to its name, which is sekar jagad. In Javanese, “kar universe” has the meaning of a world map. This batik motif began to develop in the 18th century.
2. Batik Motifs Sidomukti Magetan
This batik motif from Magetan district has a basic motif of drawing bamboo. Like other batik, batik is generally used on official occasions or traditional ceremonies. The meaning and philosophy of this Sidomukti batik motif is the hope of obtaining inner and outer peace.
3. Keraton Batik Motif
Initially, the palace batik motif was very exclusive. Ordinary people are not allowed to use this motif because only the Sultan and his family may use it. But later, the provision was repealed and ordinary people could use this motive.
Among the reasons for this exclusive motive is that the discoverer of the original motive was the princesses of the Yogya palace themselves, which in fact are still members of the Sultan’s family. Actually, there are many types of batik clothes that are owned by Yogya Palace.
Keraton batik is batik literature that uses traditional patterns that develop in the palaces in Java. Variations in the style of written batik with an amazing combination of art, outlook on life, ethics, and the personalities of the palace environment that gave birth to it.
Batik Keraton is in Surakarta Sunanate, Yogyakarta Sultanate, Mangkunegaran Temple and Pakualaman Temple. The main differences from the four Batik Kraton are in the shape, size, patra and shades of soga (brown).
4. Jepara Batik Motifs
Jepara batik motifs can be divided into two, namely old motifs and new motifs. Old Jepara batik motifs have a pattern with black lung color, brown elephant, flora and fauna, green screw thread and others. Whereas Jepara’s new batik is a kind of handmade batik. Jepara Batik itself is also popularly known as Batik Kartini. As the name suggests, this Jepara batik can be found in the city of Jepara.
5. Solo Batik Motifs
The characteristic of batik from solos which is often referred to as sogan batik is the color of the brown motif. Solo Batik also still applies the traditional concept by only using natural ingredients as its coloring. The philosophy of Solo batik motifs is that the waves of Bengawan Solo River bring peace.